In 1922, after a number of scandals involving Hollywood personalities, film industry leaders formed the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America to counteract the threat of government censorship. Its first president, Will H. Hays, developed a Production Code—also known as the Hays Code—that detailed what was morally acceptable on screen. The code was enforced until it was supplanted by a voluntary rating system in 1966. What specific things did the code outlaw? Discuss
In ancient Rome, magistrates in charge of public works, games, buildings, and roads were called aediles, derived from the Latin word for "temple" or "building." Appointed from the ranks of both patricians and plebeians, these officials were generally young men intending to pursue high political office. Aediles supervised markets, the grain supply, and the water supply and also had powers to enforce public order. The position was created at the same time as what important Roman office?
In the Old Testament, there are five references to the leviathan—described by commentators as a massive sea creature, presumably a crocodile, whale, or dragon. Parallels have been drawn between these Biblical references and an ancient Babylonian creation story in which the goddess of chaos and creation, Tiamat, is slain and the two halves of her corpse are used to form the earth and sky. According to Jewish tradition, God created a male and female leviathan but then killed the female. Why?